Thai National Parks

Species of Thailand

Northern pig-tailed macaque

Macaca leonina, Edward Blyth, 1863

(In Thai: ลิงกัง)

The northern pig-tailed macaque (Macaca leonina) is a species of macaque in the family Cercopithecidae. It is found in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Traditionally, M. leonina was considered a subspecies of the southern pig-tailed macaque (M. nemestrina), but is now classified as individual species.

In India, it is found in south of the Brahmaputra River, in the northeastern part of the country. Its range in India extends from Assam and Meghalaya to eastern Aruanchal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura. A detailed report on the ecology and behaviour of northern pig-tailed macaque has been published in 2008. Like its southern cousin it is used for harvesting coconuts in Thailand.

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Scientific classification

Macaca leonina

Common names

  • German: Nördlicher Schweinsaffe
  • English:
    • Northern pig-tailed macaque
    • Northern pigtail macaque
  • Spanish: Macaco cola de cerdo norteño
  • French: Macaque à queue de cochon du Nord
  • Italian: Macaco nemestrino settentrionale
  • Dutch: Leeuwmakaak
  • Thai:
    • ลิงกัง
    • ลิงกังเหนือ


  • Macaca blythii, Reginald Innes Pocock (1931)
  • Macaca indochinensis, Cecil Boden Kloss (1919)
  • Macaca insulana, Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr (1906)
  • Macaca adusta, Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr (1906)
  • Macaca coininus, Cecil Boden Kloss (1903)
  • Macaca andamanensis, Edward Bartlett (1869)

Conservation status

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)

Vulnerable (IUCN3.1)


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Macaca leonina
Northern pig-tailed macaque - Khao Yai
Macaca leonina
Macaca leonina, Khao Yai National Park

Range Map

Distribution map of Northern pig-tailed macaque, Macaca leonina in Thailand
  • Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park
  • Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park
  • Doi Phu Kha National Park
  • Doi Suthep - Pui National Park
  • Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kaeng Khoi District, Saraburi
  • Kaeng Krachan National Park
  • Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Chamao - Khao Wong National Park
  • Khao Khiao - Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Laem National Park
  • Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Khao Yai National Park
  • Ko Yao District, Phang Nga
  • Kui Buri National Park
  • Pang Sida National Park
  • Phu Khiao Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Royal Chumphon Forest Park
Range map of Macaca leonina in Thailand